Gender equity challenges and human rights

 Human rights and gender equality are inter relevant to each other. Prevalence of gender discrimination, and social norms and practices are the main causes that rise challenges to gender equity. Because of poor education, child labour and women domestic violence including child marriage and exploitation rise that lead to the social conflict. Because of gender inequity, women have less opportunities to economic participation and less access to their right of basic higher education. Women have less political participation and more health and safety risks. Women equality to that of men is the basic agenda to be solved in United Nations. Women have no freedom of opinion and right to work and getting higher education.

Gender equity is the basic value, if solved, can uplift any society. This discrimination of women and violence denying their rights is stubborn and systematic. In recent years, there has been a recurrence of scepticism against and denial of international standards concerning women’s human rights, gender equality and gender-based violence and women try hard to get their basic human rights and safety to live free in a society but they are striving for it yet.

Amal Clooney

UNICEF says that gender equality means that all man and women enjoy equal rights of getting education, serving the country, health care system and economic opportunities. Basic human rights, if denied, means the violation of human moralities and equality.

Human Rights- United Nations

Human rights are concerned by UN as their first priority to raise the voice for women rights and getting this aim. The promote equal rights of women including their access to the higher education as that of men, enjoy their rights equal to men, freedom of opinion and economic opportunities. Educated societies support the vision of United Nations to give and work for equal human rights and stop discrimination of women rights based on gender inequality.

“When girls are valued less than boys, women less than men, they face multiple risks throughout their lives – at home, at work, at school, from their families and from strangers. Gender-based violence is a major consequence of gender inequality. It is a worldwide phenomenon.”

Bukky Shonibare

No country has achieved gender equality. It will take over a long period at least ten generations to solve this conflict. While it seems to be peaceful that organisations .like UN Women and International Labour Organisation (ILO)  are working hard for the equality of women in workplace, marketplace including all spheres of life.

Challenges to Human Rights in 21st Century

Not all the societies violate human rights, but some are present that are not concerned to give equality to all human.  They have been the target of implementation, torture, beatings, arbitrary arrest and death threats, harassment and defamation, as well as restrictions on their freedoms of movement, opinions, association and equal economical opportunities. Defenders have been the victims of false incrimination and unfair trial and conviction.

Violations most commonly target either human rights defenders themselves that protect and work for betterment of human rights equality or the organisations. Or they might be attacked by the mechanisms through which they work. Occasionally, violations target members of defenders’ families, as a means of applying pressure to the defender so that they might be distracted under huge pressure. Some human rights defenders are at greater risk because of the nature of the rights they seek to protect. Women human rights defenders might confront in addition risks that are gender-specific and require particular attention so that gender equality conflict may be solved.

Global Gender Gap Report (2021)

According to the Global gender Gap Report 2021, it will take 131 years to fulfil the gender equality gap and the span of this recovery is increased because of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Empowering women will encourage the development of an educated society. It is pivotal for all communities and nations.

Main Gender Equality Trends

Women Economic opportunities are less susceptible so that women labour participation is also lower than that of man. According to a survey 2020, Women labour is 51.6% which is far lower than male participation including 94.6%.

Women promotion is frequently less to men. according to a latest research from McKinsey, if 100 men are promoted to manager post then 86 women are promoted along with the ration of men. Women are less promoted then men which also give rise gender inequality.

Limited access to education : Women have limited access to higher education. Empowering women, it is important to educate women equal to men. Women due to harassment and safety risks, women are not allowed to get higher education. Educating women, we my educate our whole society. But still gender based inequality exists in our society in which women rights are diminished.

Why Gender equality is valuable?

For better health care, women education and human rights equality is important. women gain less health care system then that of man because of poor education and lower incomes. Diseases that affect women mostly are less researched. When women will be given equal rights, their health will be impacted positively.

For saving lives, gender equality is important because it was estimated in 2005, world disaster report, experts gave opinion that educating women may reduce the risk of injury and deaths. Educating women can play role for the betterment in every sphere of life as that men do.

It reduces poverty. If women get equal rights to men, it will reduce poverty. Women being educated, is more useful for improving economy. It will uplift economy. Women will be able to get their best livelihoods. It will reduce poverty.

“There can be no peace without development, no development without peace, and no lasting peace or sustainable development without respect for human rights and the rule of law.” 

 Former UN Deputy Secretary-General Jan Eliasson

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